Toothache: What Are the Causes, Symptoms and Pain Relief Options
Toothaches or tooth pains are not only annoying but cause a unique type of pain. It is due to the inflammation of the central region of the tooth called pulp. The pulp includes sensitive nerve portions and blood vessels. A toothache is most frequently experienced as a result of the irritated nerves of a tooth and the pain can be either dull and achy or sharp and throbbing.
What Are the Common Symptoms of a Toothache?
The primary symptom of a toothache is the pain. For many, the pain is often accompanied by inflammation and an infection that has started to weaken the soft tissues that support the teeth.
The signs and symptoms of a toothache that might need immediate medical care include the following:
- Pain with chewing
- Sensitivity to warm or cold fluids and air
- Gum bleeding or gum discharge
- Puffiness around a tooth or swollen lump around jaw or cheek
- Injury or trauma to the affected region
What Causes Toothache?
If you’re someone who continually suffers from intense tooth pain, it’s time to consider all of the potential causes. Several factors that contribute to irritating and lasting toothaches include:
- Gum disease
- Tooth decay
- Tooth abscess
- Impacted wisdom tooth
- Fractured tooth
- Jaw, mouth injury
- Sinus infection, inflammation
- An earache, ear infection
- Bruxism or teeth grinding
Can Viruses Cause Toothaches?
You may experience a toothache when you are ill due to sinusitis or a sinus infection. Sinusitis usually occurs when you've acquired a cold infection. The mucus buildup taking place along with a cold produces a congenial environment for bacteria or viruses to multiply and intensify the infection.
An infection can lead to pressure being placed on the upper teeth. The more pressure a person feels, the higher their risk of a toothache. Relieving the pressure will help to reduce a toothache, but you will have to eliminate the infection before the pain may be completely gone.
How to Ease the Pain of a Toothache
There are a few easy remedies that you can apply to relieve a toothache:
- Swishing warm salt water around the mouth
- Taking painkillers or analgesics
- Putting clove oil on the affected gum and tooth area
- Applying peppermint, salt, and garlic paste to the affected area
- Applying medicated gel
In case of a dental emergency accompanying a toothache, please don’t wait to contact your local dentist.
Can Toothaches Be Prevented?
The best means to prevent toothache is to maintain your teeth and gum health always. To do this:
- Have regular dental check-ups
- Reduce consumption of sugary foods and drinks
- Brush your teeth using a fluoride toothpaste twice every day for about 2 minutes
- Floss regularly to clean between your teeth
- Quit use of tobacco products
A few simple steps can dramatically reduce your risk of having a toothache.
Campustown Dental is your one stop general dentist in Ames, Iowa for all your dental care needs. You can call us at 515-292-7262 to schedule an appointment for receiving the personalized dental care you deserve!.