Teeth Stains: Types, Causes, and Ways to Remove Stains from Teeth
Teeth stains are among the most common dental problems. Stained teeth not only appear unsightly but can also impact your self-esteem. Different factors are responsible for different categories of teeth stains that require specific treatments. If your tooth discoloration makes you feel embarrassed, you can get it fixed to have a bright smile. However, to get an impressive and stain-free smile, you first need to understand your tooth stain type.
Types of Tooth Discoloration or Teeth Stains
Dental professionals categorize tooth discoloration into three main types:
- Extrinsic Teeth Stains - These stains occur on the surface of the tooth enamel when stain-forming elements such as pigmented residues from food or drink, accumulate in the protein layer of the tooth enamel.
- Intrinsic Teeth Stains - These stains occur in the dentin that is present just below your enamel. They appear when stain-causing particles work their way through the tooth exterior to accumulate within the tooth enamel.
- Age-Related Teeth Stains - These teeth stains result from the combined effect of both intrinsic and extrinsic teeth staining. With age, your dentin turns darker, and your teeth enamel becomes thinner which causes your teeth to appear discolored naturally.
Causes of Stained Teeth
Stains on your teeth generally start forming above or below the tooth enamel. Over time, they enter the dentin and darken the whole tooth. There are many reasons for having discolored teeth including:
- Food & drinks such as coffee, tea, certain fruits and vegetables
- Smoking cigarettes and chewing tobacco
- Inadequate brushing or flossing
- A trauma, illness, or disease
- Aging may naturally cause teeth stains
- Genetic predisposition
- Certain medical treatments and medications
- Environmental factors like excessive fluoride use
How to Remove Teeth Stains
Tooth discoloration may affect single or multiple teeth and stains may appear yellow, brown, or grey. Some people may have white marks on the teeth. Here are some ways to remove stains from your teeth.
- Use correct brushing and flossing techniques
- Avoid stain-causing foods and drinks
- Get a dental bonding procedure
- Applying dental veneers
- Using over-the-counter whitening products
- Dentist-recommended in-home whitening agents
- Routine dental visits for professional teeth cleaning
It’s better to consult your dentist in Ames, IA for your options to restore your teeth color. Dental experts will remove your teeth stain using the most suitable procedure, depending on your unique situation to ensure a long-lasting result.