How to Get Rid of Cavities in Your Teeth
Cavities are decayed sections of the teeth that expand to form minute tiny gaps or holes. When food and bacteria build up in the teeth, it can form plaque. The bacteria in the plaque produce acids that can erode the enamel on the surface of the teeth. In short, the decay can affect the outer coating of a tooth (enamel) and the inner layer (dentin).
Signs and Symptoms of Cavities
There can be various signs and symptoms when it comes to cavities that include:
- Tooth sensitivity
- Mild to sharp pain while eating or drinking sweet, hot, or cold food items
- Toothache that occurs without any obvious cause
- Noticeable holes or pits in the teeth
- Brown, black, or white-colored teeth staining
- Pain while biting and chewing food
What Causes Cavities?
Many people think that only children get cavities, but that is not true.
As you age, the changes in the mouth cause the gums to pull away from the teeth due to issues like gum diseases. This, in turn, exposes the roots of the teeth to plaque.
Additionally, if you eat food rich in carbohydrates, you are more likely to get cavities. When foods with carbohydrates like bread, cereal, milk, soda, fruit, cake, or candy stay in the mouth for too long, this can lead to cavities because the bacteria in the mouth turn them into acids. Plaque is formed by a combination of bacteria, acid, food remnants, and saliva. Plaque sticks to the teeth, and the acids in the plaque dissolve the enamel, creating gaps in the teeth called cavities.
Treatment and Preventions of Cavities
Not treating cavities properly can cause them to get larger and affect the inner layers of the teeth. They can cause acute tooth pain, infection, and even tooth loss. Following are some essential prevention measures and treatments for cavities:
- After eating or drinking anything, brush your teeth with fluoride toothpaste.
- Rinse your mouth with water or mouthwash.
- Consider using dental sealants to seals off grooves and crannies that can collect food and protect tooth enamel from plaque and acid.
- Chew sugar-free gum after meals as studies have shown that they can restore the mineral content of the enamel and increase saliva production.
- Drink fluoridated water and stay sufficiently hydrated. Fluoridated water strengthens teeth, and water acts as a natural cleanser that removes leftover food and residue, which can cause cavities.
- Increase your vitamin D intake by consuming dairy products and spending a little more time in the sun. It helps your body absorb calcium and phosphate from your food.
- Visit your dentist regularly and do not ignore any dental issues.
- Fluoride treatments can reinstate the tooth’s enamel. In some cases, they can reverse a cavity during the early stages of the disease.
- If a cavity and tooth decay has advanced beyond the earlier stages, then dental fillings are the primary treatment option.
- Crowns are custom-fitted coverings or caps that replace the tooth’s entire natural crown.
- Root canals can repair and save a badly damaged or infected tooth, where even the pulp of the tooth is affected, instead of removing the tooth.
- Tooth extractions are meant to remove the severely decayed tooth.
Practice good dental hygiene to prevent severe dental issues like cavities. Get dental checkups twice a year and have a healthy diet.
If you have pain or sensitivity in the teeth, please visit us at Campustown Dental, Ames, Iowa. From teeth cleaning to teeth whitening, our dentists in Ames offer our patients the most effective dental solutions.