Gum Disease: Understanding Its Causes, Symptoms, and Cure

Gum Disease: Understanding Its Causes, Symptoms, and Cure

Gum disease, medically termed as periodontal disease or periodontitis, is the primary reason for tooth loss among adults all over the world. This disease requires swift treatment. A recent study in the Journal of Dental Research has found that nearly 65 million U.S. adults, age 30 and above, suffer from some form of gum disease.

Gum disease is a general inflammatory condition which is most frequently preceded by a bacterial infection of the gum tissue known as gingivitis. It impacts the supporting and neighboring soft tissues of the tooth and also affects the jawbone during its most advanced stages.

Types of Gum Disease

There are various types of gum disease. Here is some commonly occurring periodontal disease:

Chronic Periodontitis – It occurs most frequently and features increased loss of attachment, combined with periods of rapid progression.

Aggressive Periodontitis – It takes place in an otherwise medically fit individual. It is distinguished by a quick loss of gum attachment, prolonged bone destruction, and familial accumulation.

Necrotizing Periodontitis – It afflicts individuals who mostly suffer from systemic disorders such as HIV, immunosuppression, and malnourishment.

Periodontitis Caused by Systemic Disease – It often starts at an early age. The clinical condition such as respiratory illness, diabetes, and heart ailments are common cofactors.

Common Causes

A lot of factors contribute to the onset of gum disease, and in various cases, the possibility of acquiring periodontitis can be considerably reduced by taking preventative measures. Here are a few of the well-known causes of gum disease:

  • Poor dental hygiene
  • Tobacco use
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Pregnancy and menopause
  • Chronic stress and poor diet
  • Diabetes and underlying medical disorders
  • Grinding teeth
  • Medication


Gum disease is generally silent, meaning warning sign may not become visible until a progressive stage of the disease. However, symptoms of gum disease consist of the following:

  • Red, swollen or inflamed gums or other aches in your mouth
  • Blood loss while brushing, flossing, or consuming hard food
  • Gums recession, causing the teeth to appear lengthier than before
  • Loose or separating teeth
  • Pus formation in your gums and teeth
  • Sores in your mouth
  • Persistent bad breath
  • An improper bite position that
  • A modification in the fit of partial dentures

Treatment Options

There are several surgical and nonsurgical remedies the periodontist may choose to implement, depending upon the exact state of the teeth, gums, and jawbone. A comprehensive gum examination will be conducted before any treatment is executed or recommended.

Nonsurgical treatments

If periodontitis isn't advanced, the cure may include less invasive measures, including:

  • Scaling
  • Root Planing
  • Topical or Oral Antibiotics

Surgical treatments

If you have progressive periodontitis, treatment may necessitate dental surgery, such as:

  • Flap surgery (pocket reduction surgery)
  • Soft tissue grafts
  • Bone grafting
  • Guided tissue regeneration
  • Tissue-stimulating proteins

Lots of people don't realize they have a severe infection in the form of a gum disease that can cause tooth loss if not treated timely.

To know more about our periodontal care or to schedule an appointment with our dentist, contact us at 515-292-7262.

Related Article: Teeth Whitening: Why it’s Important for You

Campustown Dental

Campustown Dental, located in Ames, Iowa is a family dental care center committed to restoring and enhancing the healthy smile of you and your family. Our highly skilled dental team is dedicated to delivering the most comprehensive and affordable dental care accessible in the most comfortable surroundings.

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