Dentin Hypersensitivity: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options Available
Dentin hypersensitivity or tooth sensitivity refers to the pain or discomfort in your teeth, produced by external stimuli like cold or hot temperatures. Tooth sensitivity may be chronic or temporary, and it can simultaneously affect one or more teeth. Read more to learn about dentin hypersensitivity effects and available treatments.
Symptoms of Dentin Hypersensitivity
People with tooth sensitivity usually feel pain or discomfort as a reaction to specific triggers. The most common dentin hypersensitivity triggers include:
- Cold or hot foods and drinks
- Cold air
- Sweet or acidic foods and drinks
- Exposure of the tooth to cold water during dental cleanings
- Flossing or brushing teeth
- Alcohol-based mouth rinses
Generally, these symptoms are temporary, and their severity can vary from mild to intense.
Causes of Dentin Hypersensitivity
People who have thin enamel are more prone to dentin hypersensitivity. There are many reasons for the thinning of enamel, including:
- Hard toothbrushes and rigorous brushing
- Teeth grinding (bruxism) at night
- Regular consumption of acidic foods and drinks
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease(GERD), which brings up stomach acids to your mouth, causing wear and tear of tooth enamel over time
- Conditions like receding gums, chipped or broken teeth, tooth decay, and worn down crowns or fillings, may leave the tooth dentin unprotected and exposed and cause dentin hypersensitivity
- Sometimes, temporary sensitivity in your teeth can be felt following dental work such as a tooth filling, fixing of dental crowns, or teeth bleaching
Treatment for Dentin Hypersensitivity
Some simple remedies for overcoming tooth sensitivity include:
- Over-the-counter dental medicines available for mild cases of tooth sensitivity.
- Use toothpaste meant for sensitive teeth because they do not contain any irritating ingredients. Instead, they may contain desensitizing ingredients that block the pain from radiating to the tooth nerve and prevent dentin hypersensitivity.
- Use only alcohol-free mouth rinses.
- Use softer toothbrushes and brush gently.
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Remember that it takes repeated applications for these treatments to be successful. For quicker results, talk to your family dentist in Ames, IA, about prescription-grade desensitizing agents or fluoride gel in-office, which can strengthen your teeth enamel and protect it.
Related Article: Top 10 Tooth Problems and Ways to Fix Them
Contact us today to learn more about dentin hypersensitivity treatment or to book an appointment at our clinic with an expert family dentist in Ames, IA.